Ordered by name. Order by date of birth
Plato (429 - 347) -- Ancient Greek philosopher; student of Socrates and author of philosophical dialogues that are prominent in the study of Western culture..
Plotinus (204 - 270) -- philosopher whose writings mark the beginning of Neoplatonism.
Plutarch (46 - 120) -- Greek biographer, famous for his telling of the lives of the philosophers.
Edgar Allen Poe (1809 - 1849) -- great American poet and writer of prose.
Pietro Pomponazzi (1462 - 1525) -- Italian philosopher who argued, contra the Church, that the immortality of the soul is not rationally demonstrable.
Karl Popper (1902 - 1994) -- Austrian-born British philosopher, whose main contribution was to the philosophy of science.
Porphyry (232 - 305) -- Greek philosopher, student of Plotinus and Neoplatonism.
Melville Davisson Post (1869 - 1930) -- writer of detective stories.
Beatrix Potter (1866 - 1943) -- famous writer and illustrator of children's books.
Ezra Pound (1885 - 1972) -- influential 20th century American poet and critic.
Marcel Proust (1871 - 1922) -- French writer of a mammoth multi-volume life's work that explored human sensations and attempted to chart the whole of a life's experience..
Alexander S. Pushkin (1799 - 1837) -- known as the Shakespeare of Russia, he is also the most beloved of her poets.
Howard Pyle (1853 - 1911) -- American writer and illustrator, famous for his contributions to Harper's magazine.
Pyrrho (300 - 300) -- Greek sceptic philosopher, who argued for the impossibility of knowing things in their own nature.
Pythagoras (550 - 500) -- a reputed mathematician, scientist, and philosopher, about whom very little is really known.
Jean Babtiste Racine (1639 - 1699) -- Master of French classical tragedy.
Ann Radcliffe (1764 - 1823) -- popular English Gothic novelist .
Ayn Rand (1905 - 1982) -- Russian-born American novelist, who developed in her fiction a philosophy based on objectivism, which promoted rational self-interest, unregulated capitalism, and absolute individualism.
John Rawls (1921 - 2002) -- American political philosopher, whose A Theory of Justice was a profoundly influential restatement of ethics in the social contract tradition.
Arthur B. Reeve (1880 - 1936) -- American author of mystery fiction.
Thomas Reid (1710 - 1796) -- aiming to replace the 'ideal system' with a system based on 'common sense', Reid was especially critical of Hume's philosophy.
Mary Roberts Rinehart (1876 - 1958) -- American writer of mystery stories.
Roscelin (1125 - 1125) -- French scholastic philosopher and one of the earliest proponents of nominalism.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778) -- philosopher in the French Revolution who made important contributions to the field of political philosophy.
Bertrand Russell (1872 - 1970) -- British mathematician and logician, who also won the Nobel Prize for Literature, and was a leading civil-rights activist.