Ordered by name. Order by date of birth
Wystan H. Auden (1907 - 1973) -- English-born American poet, whose varied poetic work is some of the most outstanding of the 21st century.
Augustine (354 - 430) -- medieval philosopher, influenced primarily by Platonism, and who in turn profoundly influenced the doctrines of the Church.
Jane Austen (1775 - 1817) -- early 19th century novelist whose works are remebered for their wit and social satire..
John Austin (1790 - 1859) -- jurisprude and lawyer who advanced Bentham's model of legal positivism.
Averroes (1126 - 1198) -- Islamic philosopher famous for his Aristotelian commentaries.
Avicenna (980 - 1037) -- greatest Islamic philosopher, whose writings also influenced the fields of science and medicine.
Francis Bacon (1561 - 1626) -- Bacon, who was also a politician and a lawyer, advocated the founding of human activity on a common methodology of inquiry.
Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin (1814 - 1876) -- a Russian revolutionist, Bakunin was an advocate of anarchism, who was critical of existing mores and who advocated a model of non-governmental collectivism.
Honore de Balzac (1799 - 1850) -- influential author of an immense series of novels which attempted to give a realistic representation of French society in the 18th century.
John Kendrick Bangs (1862 - 1922) -- American humourist and poet.
James M. Barrie (1860 - 1937) -- Scottish dramatist and novelist whose work is characterised by his unique view of life..
Charles Pierre Baudelaire (1821 - 1867) -- one of the greatest French poets of the 19th century.
Bruno Bauer (1809 - 1882) -- German writer and historian, whose philosophical position can be described as Left Hegelian.
L. Frank Baum (1856 - 1919) -- American writer, famous for his The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
Pierre Bayle (1647 - 1706) -- French scholar who systematically criticised an enormous scope of religious and philosophical doctrines.
Simone de Beauvoir (1908 - 1986) -- best known as Jean-Paul Sartre's lover, de Beauvoir was an accomplished novelist, feminist critic, and existentialist philosopher.
Cesare Beccaria (1738 - 1794) -- Italian jurist who, preempting Bentham, encouraged the improvement of prison systems in Europe.
Edward Bellamy (1850 - 1896) -- American political theorist and novelist.
Jeremy Bentham (1748 - 1832) -- English philosopher who founded utilitarianism and wrote extensively on the philosophy of law, economics, and politics.
George Berkeley (1685 - 1753) -- English philosopher who argued against Lockean scepticism and posited an alternative based, famously, on common sense.
R.D. Blackmore (1825 - 1900) -- Nineteenth century English novelist.
William Blake (1757 - 1827) -- early visionary poet of the Romantic period.
Jean Bodin (1530 - 1596) -- French political theorist who argued for the absolute soverignty of the state.
Jakob Boehme (1575 - 1624) -- German mystic.
Anucius Manlius Severinus Boethius (480 - 526) -- eminent Latin philospoher.